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The Acts Of Andrew

c. 200-225 C.E.

The Acts of Andrew continue the encratite traditions begun in the Acts of Peter and John, and might well be by the same author, though scholars tend to date Andrew slightly later. However, these Acts are not as clearly Gnostic as, for example, the Acts of John; The importance of martyrdom is stressed throughout, which is not in line with Gnostic philosophy.

The Greek proconsul Aegeates sentences Andrew to be crucified after his wife refuses his sexual advances following her conversion to Christianity. Andrew survives on the cross for four days, all the while refusing the attempts by his followers to rescue him.

Surviving texts range from a Coptic fragment as early as the fourth century to Greek and Latin texts from the twelfth, and it is difficult to determine which represent the original Acts. Some secondary texts claim Andrew to have evangelized Scythia rather than Greece.